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Wise Words and Pictures | February 12, 2001 | “A design-sponge initiative... Design, lots of it. It's all good for you.” This is a big list of design agency web sites. A nice, big list.

Cross the Learning Desert in a Ferrari | January 30, 2001 | Well, looky here, an interview with XPLANE's founder, Dave Gray. “Pluck yourself from the learning desert, where lost travelers search for wisdom among dunes of data and mountains of meaninglessness to discover a once-lost oasis — understanding. Blending ancient communication methods with modern design ingenuity, XPLANE, a visual design firm based in St. Louis' historic Soulard district, designs learning products and interfaces that take you from zero to understanding in seconds.”

The Problem With Presentations | January 24, 2001 | “Nothing is more interesting than a story. In fact, just about everything interesting is a story of some kind. Stories are what make news. They are also what make war, sports, love and money. You have a story to tell. If you don't tell it, you'll lose your audience. Fortunately, all stories come with exactly three parts: character, problem and movement toward a resolution. Characters are identities the audience can care about...”

Visual Thinking | January 21, 2001 | “The most striking — and a unique — feature of the mind is the acceptance and use of things as symbols standing for other things. Symbols may stand for, refer to, or mean other things which may or may not lie within the world of physics ... In this sense we find the mind in computing machines.” — Richard L. Gregory in Mind of Science. “With this basic principle we can conclude that computer graphics can enhance our ability to think visually.”

Multimedia/PowerPoint Survey | January 18, 2001 | “Are computer-based multimedia presentations really more effective at getting messages across than other tried-and-true media? Does the kind of presentation visuals you use matter? Do well-designed PowerPoint slides give you an edge over the competition? Does multimedia animation really communicate messages better than overhead slides or plain words on paper?”

Why we see what we do | December 2, 2000 | “A wholly empirical theory of visual perception: The fundamental problem in vision was stated at the beginning of the 18th C. by George Berkeley, who pointed out that the sources underlying visual stimuli are unknowable in any direct sense. ...The central tenet of the theory of vision that has emerged from the work conducted in our laboratory is that this dilemma is solved by having proximal stimuli trigger reflex patterns (i.e., networks of neuronal activity) that have been shaped solely by the past consequences of visually guided behavior.”

Forget passwords, what about pictures? | November 28, 2000 | “Researchers say visual memory is far more powerful than the ability to recall precise sequences of symbols. We're drowning in passwords, and our brains are rebelling. Most of us have one of two strategies for remembering all these new strings of letters and numbers: use the exact same password across the board, or keep written reminders of the various secret phrases. Either way, the entire purpose of passwords — security — is undermined.”

The “Powerpoint” Bug | November 21, 2000 | “Even before the 'Love Bug' computer worm cut a global swath of cyber-destruction, the Pentagon was fighting another software enemy: the Powerpoint electronic chart. It's choking up the Pentagon computers.”

The Metaphor Home Page | October 28, 2000 | “Guiding Metaphors (Meta-Metaphors?) of this site: Metaphor has traditionally been relegated to the status of deviant and aberrant phenomenon in the great philosophical edifaces of language thought (such as Fregean semantics) — in essence, metaphor has been viewed as a superficially pretty but fundamentally ugly (in terms of the underlying semantic model) use of language.”

Are we entering an era of 'slideware'? | October 26, 2000 | “It takes Joseph Baron just 20 PowerPoint slides to communicate his young company's promise: the vision, the competitive landscape, the 'white space of opportunity.' ... Of course, Baron also has a detailed business plan, densely packed with competitive analyses, revenue projections and partner pedigrees. That's the core document. But he wouldn't dream of making the rounds without a PowerPoint presentation on his laptop hard drive.” PowerPoints are unforgivingly nasty and usually ineffective and you deserve all the trouble you get — and all the money you don't — for not treating your important, unique information in an important, unique way. Thanks splorp.

The Great Clip Art Debate | October 18, 2000 | Hmmm... “The Great Clip Art Battle is upon us. We've had clip art for several decades now, even before the arrival of the graphic computer. But not until we began to recognize that there was a new language emerging that tightly integrates words and graphics did clip art begin to appear to be worth paying attention to. My book, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century has fueled this battle. The visual components of the book were done entirely in clip art. I made clear my reasons for doing this in the Preface. 'This book could have been rendered in a variety of aesthetic styles, but I decided to use clip art, to further demonstrate how much one can communicate with this medium without original artwork.'”

Grand Illusions | October 13, 2000 | “Grand Illusions takes an enquiring approach to optical illusions and scientific toys, and the principles that lie behind them. From the psychology of seeing to the mysteries of magic mirrors, new articles with a general appeal will appear regularly.”

Information Visualization Resources | September 27, 2000 | Just what it says. Categories include Books, Conferences, Courses and Tutorials, Institutions and Companies, Journals and Publishers, Organisations, People, Projects and Products, Research Groups. There are currently alomost 400 links in the resource.

Uses of Structures for Thinking | September 27, 2000 | “This survey is for thinkers — scientists, philosophers, writers, politicians, executives, journalists and all others who need to write down their thoughts, save them, organize and develop them, as well as exchange them with other thinkers. The Minciu Sodas laboratory has the goal of helping thinkers organize and develop their thoughts, create new thoughts.”

Lakoff on Conceptual Metaphor | September 12, 2000 | “As we have seen, the contemporary theory of metaphor is revolutionary in many respects. To give you some idea how revolutionary, here is a list of the basic results that differ from most previous accounts. 1) Metaphor is the main mechanism through which we comprehend abstract concepts and perform abstract reasoning; 2) Much subject matter, from the most mundane to the most abstruse scientific theories, can only be comprehended via metaphor; 3) Metaphor is fundamentally conceptual, not linguistic, in nature...”

The Concept Mapping Homepage | September 12, 2000 | “Concept mapping is a technique for representing knowledge in graphs. Knowledge graphs are networks of concepts. Networks consist of nodes (points/vertices) and links (arcs/edges). Nodes represent concepts and links represent the relations between concepts.”

Visual Perception | September 8, 2000 | “This discussion of visual perception is part of an introduction to media theory. The prime concern here is with how mediated our experience of the world is. The study of visual perception offers considerable evidence that the world or the image is not 'given', as people sometimes say, but constructed. In visual perception we are not like passive cameras, and even the idea that the mind takes selective 'snapshots' underplays our active interpretation of the world. These notes focus on key factors which contribute to shaping what we see.” (Lecture notes for an Introduction to Media Theory class at the University of Wales.)

Sonic and Visual Structures | August 30, 2000 | “The author [Nicolas Schöffer] creates 'sonic structures,' or music, not with the usual background and perspectives of a musician but with those of a visual artist. In this article he discusses first the historic spatial and temporal limitations of music and the visual arts. He then describes how, in his sonic and visual experiments, he has attempted to liberate these artforms from their traditional bounds.”

Syntactic Theory of Visual Communication | August 28, 2000 | “Educational psychologist Jerome Bruner of New York University cites studies that show persons only remember ten percent of what they hear, 30 percent of what they read, but about 80 percent of what they see and do. When all members of society whether at home, in school and on the job learn to use computers for word and picture processing, the switch will be made from passive watching to active using. There will no longer be the barrier between the two symbolic structures. Words and pictures will become one, powerful and memorable mode of communication.” Get more Paul Martin Lester writings.

Diagrams about Thoughts about Thoughts about Diagrams | August 17, 2000 | “How is using diagrams related to things that happen inside our heads? This paper presents a survey of the empirical and theoretical research that has investigated these processes. It considers the origins, interpretation and manipulation of diagrams, with the structure of each topic presented in diagrammatic form.”

Human brain applies law of least effort when solving problems | August 17, 2000 | “'In the final analysis the brain is a biological system that does its job by consuming biological resources and providing a service, namely thinking or information processing,' [Carnegie Mellon's Marcel] Just said. 'But when there is a choice of how to provide the service, mental economics may come into play, with the brain using the method that is less costly for that individual, namely the one in which he or she is more efficient.'”

Illustrations draw in investors | August 10, 2000 | “Can you explain what exactly it is your business does? Can you make your company's mission perfectly clear to anyone who asks? That may sound like a ridiculous question, but explaining a company can be more difficult than you think. It can be particularly difficult for those people running cutting-edge high-technology companies to explain what exactly it is their company does in a way that other people understand the instant they say it. One solution: stop talking and start drawing.”

Cartography, Communication, and Spatial Data Visualisation | August 7, 2000 | “The following issues will be effectively communicated in today's lecture... 1) Why effective visualisation techniques are so important; 2) Visualisation and what makes a good map, 3) Basic elements of cartographic communication; 4) What armoury is available to the spatial data visualiser; 5) Ancient arts and modern tools; 6)Where is the future in cartography and spatial data visualisation.”

Learning mathematics and design in a digital studio | August 4, 2000 | “Visual Representations as a Successful Problem Solving Strategy: Use of visual representations for word problems after the workshop was correlated with success in problem solving during post interview problems (r=0.83). Some students solved problems without using visual representations, and some students used representations but failed to solve problems; however, no student solved more problems overall than the total number of problems they attempted using visual representations.”

The Development of Graphics in Technology | August 3, 2000 | Class overview that includes Historic Development of Graphics; Computer Graphics References, Visualization Bibliography; Journals, & Web Sites and more.

DROOL Magazine | August 1, 2000 | “Drool is the daily online magazine of Coupland.com.” It's, well, visually ... interesting. Collage, writing and more by author Douglas Coupland.

The inevitable discussion of comix | July 28, 2000 | “Comix might work well here as explainers of processes. If you have a complicated product you're trying to sell — and actually, Web servers, software, and applications, just the sort of things comix geex are interested in, represent this genre well — then go ahead and write out an explanation in words, but also give us pictures. Why? Some people learn and understand better from words, others from images. You cover all your bases. Case in point: Xplane, best-known for their editorial illustrations in Business 2.0. Xplane's stick figures, combined with a few choice sentences, meet any definition of comix, including McCloud's.”

Visual Versus Linguistic/Symbolic Understanding | July 25, 2000 | “Why there should be a conflict between the visual and the linguistic, why humans should not without argument combine these two potentialities for maximal strength, is a paradox that has not yet been adequately explained by historians of science and technology...”

Rhetoric of Visual Thinking | July 25, 2000 | “As we tried to understand the ways in which writing was used to promote active learning in this class, we first turned to Paul's definitions of visual and graphic thinking in the introduction to his text book Graphic Thinking and then reflected up on their rhetorical overtones. First, the graphic imaging, clustering, and drawing dominating Paul's course — while neither verbal nor rational (in the same sense writing can be) — are nonetheless understood as cognitive activities. This assumption challenges a centuries-old apartheid between perception and abstract thought.”

Visual Communication Images with Messages | July 25, 2000 | An outline of lecture notes based on a book of the same name. “The homepage for Visual Communication Images with Messages, Second Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1999.”

Visual Perception and Attention | July 25, 2000 | “In most humans the left hemisphere is dominant for language and the right hemisphere for visuo-spatial perception. Ignoring one or other of these modes in HCI is to leave a great deal of brain power unused. These observations can be applied to human computer interface design.”

Gallery of Data Visualization | July 24, 2000 | “This Gallery of Data Visualization displays some examples of the Best and Worst of Statistical Graphics, with the view that the contrast may be useful, inform current practice and provide some pointers to both historical and current work. We go from what is arguably the best statistical graphic ever drawn, to the current record-holder for the worst.” Read this! Includes these examples as well: Historical milestones, The Lie Factor, Bright ideas, Goosed-Up Graphics, Graphical Excellence, Missed Opportunities, Visual delights and Context: Compared to What?

Translating Big Numbers So Readers Can Understand Them | July 24, 2000 | “Here's a quick quiz. Try to answer this question immediately, without doing any calculating. If a stack of gold coins worth one billion dollars would stretch from one end of a football field to the other, how far would a stack worth one million dollars stretch? The answer: three and a half inches; one billion is one thousand million, 300 feet divided by one thousand is 3.6 inches.”

VisCog.net | July 18, 2000 | “This site contains links to researchers and resources in the field of visual cognition.”

Alternativa | July 12, 2000 | Nice! “A web directory for web sites be they design, art, writings, personal narratives or any other inspirational web sites... The sites listed in Alternativa fit in the the following categories. This is not a rule set. All submissions are judged on their own merit: Evolving art and design, Inspirational sites, Cutting-edge technologies, Design masters, Slick interfaces, Flash & Shockwave excellence, Respected organizations and events falling under the Alternativa net, Personal and narrative sites and journals, Resource sites for creating cutting-edge web sites, Experimental or thought-provoking concepts or exercises, Sites that deserve to be shared amongst others.”

THINKING IN PICTURES: Autism and Visual Thought | June 26, 2000 | “I THINK IN PICTURES. Words are like a second language to me. I translate both spoken and written words into full-color movies, complete with sound, which run like a VCR tape in my head. When somebody speaks to me, his words are instantly translated into pictures. Language-based thinkers often find this phenomenon difficult to understand, but in my job as an equipment designer for the livestock industry, visual thinking is a tremendous advantage.”

Sketchbooks from the Archives of American Art | June 12, 2000 | “Hundreds of sketchbooks in the Archives of American Art form a vast repository of ideas, perceptions, inspirational imagery, and graphic experiments. As personal records they afford an intimate glimpse of an artist's visual thinking and reveal aspects of their creative process.”

Razorfish Reports | June 7, 2000 | “Razorfish Reports are statements of beliefs, descriptions of interesting technology, and discussions of current culture and design. Published regularly by the science department at Razorfish, these reports are for the education and entertainment of our collegues and the interested public.” The current report is “Visualizing Data with Edward Tufte.”

StanfordVisualLanguageProject | June 5, 2000 | The Visual Language and Information Design Project: “Words and images have for many centuries belonged to separate professions. In the university, words have resided in the langugage departments and images in the art department. The visual language approach we use in this project shows how that wide gulf is at last being bridged. Our mission is to make a compelling case for considering visual language — the tight integration of words and visual elements — a truly new language with the distinct syntax and semantics we expect of a language.”

Graphics and Web Design Based on Edward Tufte's Principles | May 5, 2000 | “This is an outline of Edward Tufte's pioneering work on the use of graphics to display quantitative information. It mainly consists of text and ideas taken from his three books on the subject along with some additional material of my own. This page is in text only format: in order to understand the concepts you need to read the books because the concepts cannot really be grasped without the illustrations, and current video monitor technology is too low in resolution to do them justice. His work has been described as 'a visual Strunk and White.'”

Software Design Smorgasbord: Visualization Page | May 5, 2000 | “Improve the look and visual interaction of your user interfaces and learn to display information visually.” Features a big ol' list o' links on visualization resources, conferences, companies, periodicals, papers and more...

Alternative views of Napolean's March | April 25, 2000 | Says Peter Merholz: “Tufte-ites are well-familiar with Charles Minard's famous graphic representation of Napoleon's March. Using new information visualization and manipulation techniques, folks at CMU have developed alternative ways of presenting the data.” Thanks peterme.

Design By Numbers | April 14, 2000 | “Design By Numbers was created for visual designers and artists as an introduction to computational design. It is the result of a continuing endeavor by Professor John Maeda to teach the 'idea' of computation to designers and artists. It is his belief that the quality of media art and design can only improve through establishing educational infrastructure in arts and technology schools that create strong, cross-disciplinary individuals. DBN is both a programming environment and language. The environment provides a unified space for writing and running programs and the language introduces the basic ideas of computer programming within the context of drawing. Visual elements such as dot, line, and field are combined with the computational ideas of variables and conditional statements to generate images.” Thanks Cam.

Challenges of information visualisation | April 14, 2000 | “We are surrounded by an ever-growing, ever-changing world of data. However, the value of this data is not intrinsic, but lies in enabling us to make more informed decisions and in increasing our shared knowledge and understanding. Our discussion is structured around four Challenges in information visualisation: Exploring, navigating and browsing, Understanding complexity, Managing intangibles and Communicating a vision.” Academics from 1996.

Visual Representations & Interpretations | April 11, 2000 | Programme for VRI'98, Foresight Centre, University of Liverpool, UK. “The main aim of the workshop was to promote inter-disciplinary awareness across a range of disciplines where visual representations and interpretations are exploited. Contributions to the workshop were invited from researchers actively investigating visual representations and interpretations, including though not limited to: artists, architects, biologists, chemists, clinicians, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, educationalists, engineers, graphic designers, linguists, mathematicians, philosophers, physicists, psychologists and social scientists.”

Visualizing Uncertain Information | April 10, 2000 | “When maps are used as visualization tools, exploration of potential relationships takes precedence over presentation of facts. In these early stages of scientific analysis or policy formulation, providing a way for analysts to assess uncertainty in the data they are exploring is critical to the perspectives they form and the approaches they decide to pursue. As a basis from which to develop methods for visualizing uncertain information, this paper addresses the difference between data quality and uncertainty, the application of Bertin's graphic variables to the representation of uncertainty, conceptual models of spatial uncertainty as they relate to kinds of cartographic symbolization, and categories of user interfaces suited to presenting data and uncertainty about that data.”

Instant English [ver 3.0] | March 30, 3000 | “Instant English ... is designed for students who may not know how to read or write in any language. Unlike other Language tutorials that assume the ability to read and write English and that use extensive explanations and translations, this program does not explain. It shows.”

InfoArcadia | March 24, 2000 | Manifestation about information design. “A well-designed graph tells us more about a specific phenomenon or situation, than any text can. The design that conveys the information (interface) makes is easier for our brain to absorb the facts. In the past charts, graphs and tables were already used to make information more clear. Today, information design is a (graphic) speciality, which incorporates aspects of marketing strategies, public relations and technical manipulation. In the old days the encyclopaedia structured the path form A to Z. Now we have to find our own way using modern search and navigation systems.”

@BRINT.com | March 6, 2000 | “The premier business and technology portal and global community network for e-business information, technology and knowledge management.” Here's the @BRINT Design section.

Poynter: Visual Journalism Resources | Feb 15, 2000 | “Articles by Poynter Institute faculty and affiliates on topics of concern to visual journalists.”

Image is everything | Feb 14, 2000 | “A new book, 'The Rise of the Image and the Fall of the Word,' challenges old notions about reading and watching. Three prominent critics annotate and respond.” Via Subterranean Notes.

How observant are you? | Feb 9, 2000 | “There are 9 people in this picture. If you find 6, you have an ordinary power of observation. Find 7, you have above average power of observation. Find 8, you are very observant. Congratulate yourself. Find 9, you are extremely observant. Very intuitive and creative. You can rival the observant power of Sherlock Holmes.” Crap. I found 9 but apparently I made one up.

Digital Hegemony: The Clash Between Words and Pictures | Feb 1, 2000 | “And then there are the visual theories — sensual ones such as the gestalt approach that says we notice things because of their graphic relationship to each other element and to the frame and the perceptual theories such as semiotics that says we notice things because of what they mean to us.” Get more Paul Martin Lester writings.

Information Visualization | Jan 24, 2000 | A big ol' hunk o' links. A lot. Seems like a few are old or broken, though. But there are too many to go through at one time.

Millions and Billions | Jan 22, 2000 | “From my years of teaching introductory astronomy in a community college setting, I estimate that at least 85% of the adult American population does not realize that a billion is 1000 times as large as a million. In teaching my astronomy classes I use a meter stick as 'a picture of a thousand.' A meter stick is just under 40 inches long, a few inches longer than a yard stick. A meter is a typical height for a 3-year old child, or about the size of two cocker spaniels. A millimeter (mm) is about the thickness of a dime. The smallest marks on a meter stick are 1 mm apart. There are 1,000 millimeters in a meter. If 1 millimeter is used to represent ANYTHING, then 1 meter represents ONE THOUSAND TIMES AS MUCH.” Part of the very interesting L-Curve site. Via Looka!.

Analysis of visual images | Jan 16, 2000 | “This site contains supplemental material relevant to the subject Analysis of the Visual Image which is offered as a second-year and third-year elective in the Bachelor of Fine Art and the Bachelor of Education, Bachelor of Fine Art courses at The University of Newcastle Australia... The pleasure or insights gained from looking at images presents a fundamental rationale for this study. However, in this subject, students will acquire a specialist knowledge of the nature of images, their perception or reception as well as their significance in ideological configurations. The primary objective is to equip students with a variety of methodological tools for analysis of visual images along with a critical understanding of the appropriate application of these analytic methods.”

Visual Culture & Technology | Jan 15, 2000 | Lovely. “VISUAL CULTURE & TECHNOLOGY is a series of lectures that will explore our 'ocularcentric' culture and the impact that visual technolgies have had on contemporary life. Every week focuses on a particular technique or technology for representing visual information, examining its development and tracing its effects on today's world. ” Via Haddock Directory.

How to use images in communication in general and on the Web in particular | Jan 5, 2000 | “This document discusses how images should be used, partly as regards to human communication in general, but mainly as regards to publishing on the World Wide Web. The key questions here are why and what.”

Visual Science: An Emerging Discipline | Jan 4, 2000 | “The emergence of computer graphics as a powerful medium to communicate information is one of the primary reasons graphics is playing a larger role in engineering, science and technology. Such a powerful medium has emerged from many sources. The author suggests that there is a philosophical foundation and a unique body of knowledge necessary for a discipline called visual science. This emerging discipline has as its foundation spatial cognition, imaging and geometry. These three areas when combined provide the knowledge base for visual science. The applications for visual science can be grouped into two areas: artistic and technical.”

The semiotic function and the genesis of pictorial meaning | Dec 19, 1999 | “Pictorial semiotics, we shall take it, is that part of the science of signification which is particularly concerned to understand the nature and specificity of such meanings (or vehicles of meaning) which are colloquially identified by the term "picture". Thus, the assignments of such a speciality must involve, at the very least, a demonstration of the semiotic character of pictures, as well as a study of the peculiarities which differentiate pictorial meanings from other kinds of signification, and a assessment of the ways (from some or other point of view) in which pictorial meanings are apt to differ from each other while still remaining pictorial in kind.”

Some history of visual literacy | Dec 17, 1999 | “In the sense that visual literacy is characterized initially by a capacity to read body language signs or gestures, recent work with chimpanzees suggests that visual literacy, from an evolutionary standpoint, may have preceded man.” By John L. Debes and Clarence M. Williams.

MEDIA LITERACY: An online salon for educators | Dec 17, 1999 | Here's a presentation called “The Role Of Media Studies and Arts Education in Visual & Cultural Literacy.” By Peter Greenaway.

Linking thinking: Analogy, metaphor, creativity | Dec 17, 1999 | “Creative thinking, according to Treffinger is a matter of 'making and expressing meaningful connections.' Making connections, in particular through analogies, is the springboard for this paper.”

The Writing Problems of Visual Thinkers | Dec 13, 1999 | I have not read this yet. And I don't have a writing problem. “Some visual thinkers do not have difficulty writing. They are able to shift between the mode of visual thinking and the mode of verbal thinking, or to use both at once. Conversely, some writers have learned to incorporate visual thinking into their writing process, into the images of their prose, or into the illustrations that accompany their articles. Others appear to specialize in visual thinking without carrying out the kind of verbal thinking required for analytical, expository prose; that group is the subject of this paper. Whenever I refer to 'visual thinkers,' understand that to mean 'those visual thinkers who have difficulty writing.'”

Diagrammatic Reasoning | Dec 11, 1999 | “The Diagrammatic Reasoning Site is dedicated to providing a central repository for information pertaining to the investigation of reasoning with visual representations. Here you will find contributions by researchers, and pointers to research, on diagrammatic, spatial, and other visual representations that will inform you about how natural and artificial agents create, manipulate, reason about, solve problems with, and in general use such representations in a variety of interesting ways.”

INFORMATION GRAPHICS | Dec 9, 1999 | This is one of the coolest links from yesterday's 'The Visual Telling of Stories' entry. It's “the beginning of a dictionary of the different ways in which information is communicated to members of the public.”

The Visual Telling of Stories | Dec 8, 1999 | This is the neatest site I've seen in ... days ... Actually, this looks like one of the coolest, smartest places I've found. These folks have made the display of information interesting rather than academic. It's valuable to someone who does this for a living; but it could be interesting to just about anyone. Just bookmark it and look through the whole thing when you can. Part of Images in Practice, a collaborative internet experience for image makers, something that's interesting all on its own.

OLIVE: On-line Library of Information Visualization Environments | Dec 7, 1999 | “Eight categories of information visualization environments differentiated by data type. Within each category we have gathered what we feel are the most important citations, commercial products, research projects, and videos.” 1997.

Communication Research Institute | Dec 4, 1999 | You are so going to thank me for this link. Well, I think. Lotsa papers. Actually, I haven't dived in yet, but it does look like a promising resource.

Brain.com | Dec 4, 1999 | Except for the lame PC-sized CSS, this is a pretty cool site all about your brain. And others'. Cool tests too.

Evaluating Visuals | Nov 25, 1999 | “Composition guidelines are concerned with ways of achieving pictorial emphasis. Selections, emphasis, and subordination are among the methods by which a center of interest can be effectively communicated to others. Thus, photograph and graphic composition is to help the viewer see relationships.”

The On-Line Visual Literacy Project | Nov 25, 1999 | “From the beginnings of human culture, visual awareness has been a key element to communication. Just as information conveyed by the written word holds a significance for humanity in the 20th century, the symbols of early cave paintings held a deep significance for the artists and cultures that produced them. Over time these symbols and meanings changed into the alphabets of the world of today; which are the basis for verbal literacy.”

Links to sites on brainstorming | Nov 24, 1999 | Links to sites on brainstorming, creative thinking and innovation. Can be purty darn hokey, but hey, it helped me find the Totally Absurd U.S. Patents page.

Visual Rhetoric | Nov 24, 1999 | “Visual rhetoric simply refers to conveying information through the visual aspects of a document, presentation, etc. rather than through its verbal aspects. For example, visual rhetoric encompasses document design, the use of graphics, visual depictions of data, and so on. In other words, visual rhetoric explores ways of making documents more effective for their audience, purpose, and context through designing text and incorporating visual elements.” This is from TechProf, a resource for technical and professional communicators.

International Visual Literacy Association | Nov 23, 1999 | “IVLA is a not-for-profit organization of educators, artists, and researchers dedicated to the principles of visual literacy. IVLA was formed for the purpose of providing education, instruction and training in modes of visual communication and the application through the concept of visual literacy to individuals, groups, organizations, and to the public in general.”

Scott Kim, puzzle master | Nov 21, 1999 | “Designer of visual thinking puzzles for the web, computer games, magazines, education and toys.”

VizAbility | Nov 19, 1999 | “VizAbility™ is a modular 'visual thinking kit,' designed to help you discover, explore and improve your natural visual abilities.”

Art, Design, and Visual Thinking | Nov. 12, 1999 | An interactive textbook for classes at Cornell.

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XPLANE | The visual thinking company, is a group of artists, designers, thinkers and programmers dedicated to turning complexity into clear, effective, visual communication.

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